Friday, 13 October 2017

Sherie Levine/Perspectives Lectures

Sherrie Levine, portrait by Jason Schmidt


'It's something that artists do all the time unconsiously working in the style of someone they consider a great master. I just wanted to make that relationship literal.' 


American appropriation and multimedia artist sees her work more as a collaboration with previous artists. Levine is encouraging the viewers to question and reconsider, what is an authenticity and originality in art these days. She became an important figure in postmodernist and feminist society by appropriating and copying the works of famous 20th century male artists.



Presidential Collages (1979)

Silhouettes of presidents merged with cuts from pages in mass-produce fashion magazines. 





After Walker Evans (1981)

Re-photographed Evans' images from an exhibiton catalog and without making any changes, Levine presented it as her own artwork.




After Egon Schiele (1982)

Series of re-photograhped self-portraits of famous Austrain expressionst. By altering the original artworks it became both Levine's self-portrait replica and Schiele's self-portrait original.



After Marcel Duchamp (1991)







Perspectives Lectures: 'Scream (and scream again)'



.stylistic innovation is no longer possible.
.failure of new.
.everything was done and created before, all that is left to imitate dead styles.

Avant-garde

- What art is?
- pushes the known boundaries of traditional art and going against the academic understanding of art
- ahead of their time and ways of seeing and understanding of meaning of art
- progressive, explorational, innovative, abstract, independant, rebellious, experimental, shocking, fresh, surprising, controversial
- artists like: Gustav Courbet
                     Eduard Manet
                     Camille Pissaro
                     Pablo Picasso
                     Marcel Duchamp
                     Andy Warhol
                     Marina Abramovic
- avant-garde movements:
   Futurism
   Dadaism
   Cubism
   Impressionism 
   Surrealism
   Expressionism
   Fauvism
   Minimalism 
   Performance Art



Nostalgia 

- 'The Nostalgia Mode'
- imprissonment in past
- going back in time, to the old things/artworks/feelings/moments and remaking/updating what once was already made 

Appropriation

- duplication/adaptation of elements from one culture by members of another culture
- copying image/object from an indentified source by an artist, who represents it in a new and different way

Pastiche

- characteristic feature of postmodernism 
- an artistic work that imitates another work, artist or period
- imitation, parody

Parody

- ironic comment
- mimicing in an absurd or ridiculous way the content and style of another work, artist, period

Irony

- words/images to express something in different (often opposite) wau to its literal meaning
- for humorous or rhetorical effect

Ideology

- doctrine, dogma
- visionary speculation about an unrealistic nature
- a systematic body of concepts especially about human life or culture

Genre

- paintings of scenes from everyday life, landscapes, still life
- Johannes Vermeer 
- 17th century, history and portrait paintings

Toolkit 2: Character Design/Design Conceits (to be continued)




We started our first workshop of this year with Justin by experimenting and trying to find the right shape of our characters according to the indications that were giving to us at the briefing. As my character is supposed to be astronaut in 1960s NASA environment and in style of tin toys, Justin gave me helpful advices, where to look to better understand and develope the key details for the character I'm going for. 

Thursday, 12 October 2017

Life Drawing 04

1. 20 minutes pose, black and metallic acrylic paint



2. 1 - 5 minutes poses, black acrylic paint, black ink, metallic acrylic paint




3. 30 minutes pose, black, white and metallica acrylic paint

Wednesday, 11 October 2017

Lecture & Film/Archetypes in Harry Potter



Harry Potter Archetypes:


The Hero:
Harry Potter is typical movie hero. He lost both of his parents as a small child and lives with his foster parents, who are treating him terribly. The viewers are looking at the story through his eyes and can watch him grow throughout his journey full of adventures and dangerous situations. He is always the one from who the audience expect to make the right decisions and save his friends from an enemy.


The Shadow:
Lord Voldemort is the main enemy of Harry and negative mirror of Harry's qualities. Harry is loving character that would die for the ones he love. Whereas, Lord Voldemort has only slaves, who are dying for his survival. Lord Voldemort doesn't care about anything else than his power. He even split his soul into seven pieces to become almost immortal.  


Herald, Child:
Hagrid is the one, who calls the hero for adventure. He brings to Harry invitation for wizard school, Hogwards and introduces him to the world of magic. Hagrid is also a child of the story of Harry Potter. He is naivly good, innocent and most of the times spills out some secret or says something he shouldn't have. 


Threshold Guardian:
Severus Snape, one of the Harry's teachers, who is always testing him and giving him the biggest and toughest challenges. As the story involves, the viewers are finding out about his secrets. He was a classmate of the heroes parents and hopelessly in love with Harry's mother. As Harry's mother, Lily, chooses someone else over him, he become enormously jealous. Therefore, even thhough, he is punishing Harry, as he can still see in him the man that his love chooses over him, his also protecting him as he has a good heart and sees the love of his life in the hero. 


Trickster:
Draco Malfoy, Harry's not very favourite classmate, who is always making little mischiefs and inconvenieces for the hero, often shifting the story but without being the true villain. 


Mentor, Father:
Albus Dumbledor, the head of Hogwards who is guiding Harry through the almost whole adventure. He went down the heroes road ones before as he was fighting Lord Voldemort and protecting innocent for a many years. Now, he is moving further his knowledge and mentoring a knew, young hero. Dumbledor is also very protective of Harry Potter and has a huge authority. 


Allies:
Ron, Hermione and owl Hedwiga are the closest friends of the hero, who are accompanying him and helping him to overcome any obstacles. 


Mother:
Mrs. Weasley, Ron's biogical mother who becomes Harry's substitute for his real mother. She is tking care of Harry and is over protective in the same way as she is with her children.


Maiden:
Hermione and Ron's little sister Giny are both innocent and appear fragile at the beginning. However, as the story involves the audience can see their characters grow and eventually saving the hero's life. 

Monday, 9 October 2017

Toolkit 2: Character Design/Life Drawing

I did a few study drawings of a real life astronauts to get familiar with their appearance before I'll start to creating and designing an astronaut character. 










Sunday, 8 October 2017

Mullholland Drive Film Review & Postmodernism


Figure 1. Mullholland Drive Poster


David Lynch's psychological drama 'Mullholland Drive', labelled by critics as the best movie of 21st century is fragmanted, confusing and utopian fantasies of young actress in LA. 

Director's base in fine art education is strongly reflected in the movie. Overall colour pallette of the movie consist of a different shades of red and blue. The structure and storyline appears like an abstract painting built up from primary colours. He doesn't follow the traditional three act storytelling technique. Instead, the movie is built up from a fragmented pieces which don't have much of a logical connection yet are harmonize togheter.

There are multiple theories, what is the movie actually about. What is the plot, the theme. Everyone can see it in another way and with each pair of eyes there is a different explanation for it. As the movie doesn't follow the three act structure, it doesn't have an ending or closure either. Scenes and situations are only fragments, lacking chronological order. It is up to every individual viewer to analyse it and find their own conclusion.

The first part of movie is an illusion, dreaming of a young failed actress Diane which is her way of escaping a bitter reality. Scene in a theater, where a guide is saying 'No hay banda' ('There is no band.') is the shifting point. The audience can see a man playing a trumpet, they can hear the music, however the guide is still saying that there is no band playing. When the man playing trumpet takes the instrument away from his mouth but the music continues it makes audience realize that they are watching a fake performance, it is only an illusion. At the same time one of main characters finds a mysterious blue box in her bag which shifts Diane back into the reality. The rest of the movie is her, constantly going back into her fantasized hyper reality and keep waking up into the real life nightmare, where her acting carrier failed, her lover left her or didn't felt the same way about her and she is now working as a waitress. This is just a one of many theories about the movie. Some can see the movie as a simple reflections of hollywood manipulations through the false reality movie set. Others see three main underlining themes: self consiousness, false reality and loss of identity.


'There is no explanation. There may not even be a mystery.'



The shift in a middle of the movie makes viewers question everything they saw so far. The director is telling the story and relationships of the two main characters both in past and present, in reality and dream. Changing and shifting between all those elements confusing viewers more and more as they are sinking deeper and deeper into the movie. By the time movie ends, the viewers are sceptical and doubting everything they just saw. As Roger Ebert calimed in his review: 'There is no explanation. There may not even be a mystery.' (2001)


Illustrations:
Figure 1, Pieter Dom (2016) [Website] At: http://welcometotwinpeaks.com/lynch/mulholland-drive-cinemas-dvd-blu-ray-2017/ (Accessed on 8 October 17)


Bibliography:
Bradshaw, Peter (2017) Mullholland Drive review - David Lynch's delirious masterpiece still stands tall
At: https://www.theguardian.com/film/2017/apr/14/mulholland-drive-review-david-lynch (Accessed ono 8 October 17)
Braund, Simon (2000) Mullholland Drive Review
At: https://www.empireonline.com/movies/mulholland-drive/review/ (Accessed on 8 October 17)
Buckmaster, Luke (2016) Why Mullholland Drive is the greatest film since 2000
At: http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20160822-why-mulholland-drive-is-the-greatest-film-since-2000 (Accessed on 8 October 17)
Ebert, Roger (2001) Mullholladn Drive 
At: http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/mulholland-drive-2001 (Accessed on 8 October 17)
Lewis, Robyn (2002) Nice Film -  if you can get it 
At: https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2002/jan/17/artsfeatures.davidlynch(Accessed on 8 October 17)
Winfrey Graham (2016) The Best Movie of the 21st Century: Why Critics Keep Voting for David Lynch's 'Mullholladn Drive'
At: http://www.indiewire.com/2016/08/david-lynch-mulholland-drive-best-movie-21st-century-bbc-poll-1201719946/ (Accessed on 8 October 17)

Saturday, 7 October 2017

Lecture & Film/The Hero's Journey in Pocahontas


Ordinary World:

Life in Indian village of chief's daughter Pocahontas and their people. They live simple and steady life, growing corn, fishing, hunting and live in a harmony with nature. 

Call to Adventure:

Pocahontas seeing for the first time strange clouds from her dreams which turns out to be English ship. 

Refusal of the call:

Pocahontas refuses the call for adventure a few times:
- when grandma willow is telling her to listen to the voice of wind she says that can't understand what it is saying
- when she met John Smith for the first time and she starts running away

Supernatural Aid:

Grandmother willow giving an advices to Pocahontas and guiding her.

Crossing the First Threshold:

Pocahontas stops being afraid of English man John and takes his hand.

Belly of the Whale:

John Smith is explaining to Pocahontas about civilized, modern life in London and about his crew trying to find gold in her village.

The Road of Trials:

Pocahontas continues disobeying her father and keep meeting John Smith nevertheless everyone in her village telling her to stay away from English people.

Meeting with the Goddess:

Pocahontas and John Smith meeting for the first time.

Woman as Temptress:

Pocahontas' friend Nakoma try to stop her from seeing John again.

Atonement with the Father:

Pocahontas finally realizes, what is the right path for her when she sees a spinning arrow from her dream on John's compass.

Apotheosis:

Indians were quiet and were not starting fight with English people until the accident, when one of the English men killed their best warrior and potential new chief. After the death of innocent Cocawuam, they capture John Smith to execute him in the morning.

Ultimate Boon:

Grandmother Willow is telling Pocahontas that she is the only one, who can save John Smith from a death.

Refusal of the Return:

Pocahontas agrees with Grandma Willow and is going to save John.

The Magic Flight:

She stands up against her father and throw herself in front of John to protect him.

Rescue from without:

Chief, stops with an ax in the air, after Pocahontas brave attempt to stop him. He realize that his daughter is right and by killing John Smith he would only create a war between his village and English people.

The crossing of the return Threshold:

Pocahontas saying goodbye to John Smith and saying that she has to stay with her people after John  Smith asked her to come with him to London.

Master of two worlds:

Pocahontas managed to create peace between Indians and English men, therefore she influenced both worlds.

Freedom to live:

Pocahontas protected her village and people from English men. 

Friday, 6 October 2017

Maya Workshop 03/All the right moves (Extremes&InBetweens)

Maya Workshop 03 and posing Moom in an animation weightlifting sequence. We've started with establishing first three extremes and two inbetweens.



Weightlifting Reference





Moom Posing Playblast, Extremes and InBetweens





Extremes Still Renders




InBetweens Still Renders

Thursday, 5 October 2017

Perspectives Lectures: 'Incredulous Frenchman'



Meta - Narrative:
- a large scale of theories and philosophies of the world which are then defined into more details in their sub-theories/philosophies ( f.e.: religion)

Essentialism:
 -philosophical theory
- believe that everything has universal validity  
- things have a set of characteristics which makes them what they are 

Utopian:
- to believe for a better life/happy ending, where everyone is happy
- the aim is to reach the point, where everything is in its perfect state and idealistic
- impossibly ideal
- especially in social, political and moral aspects

Axiomatic:
- unquestionable
- obviously true, therefore there's no need to prove it 

Dystopian:
- the opposite of utopia 
- everything is unpleasant, bad
- people live in misery, fear, overcrowded, ...

Scepticism:
- doubt the truth because it sounds too good to be true and keep questioning it 
- the certain knowledge is impossible

Relativism:
- theory that knowledge is relative and it varies with individuals and environments
- all point of view are equally valid

Pluralism:
- a system, where two or more states/groups/principles/authorities coexist
- a society, where members of different ethnicities/beliefs/religious/social groups maintain and develop their traditional culture 

Wednesday, 4 October 2017

Life Drawing 03

1. 20 minutes pose, black and metallic acrylic paint



2. 5 minutes poses, black and metallic acrylic paint



3. 20 minutes pose, charcoal

Tuesday, 3 October 2017

Character Design/Research and Inluence Maps



Person: An astronaut
Conceit/Trait: Tin Toys/Clumsy
Eorld/Time: 1960s NASA/space
Filmic Scene: Houston we have a problem
Animation Action: In a zero gravity